Ikarus 280 is an articulated urban bus produced by Hungarian bus manufacturer Ikarus from 1973 to 2002. It was succeeded by the Ikarus 435 in 1985.
The Ikarus 280 is a model of the Ikarus 200 series. It is made of two rigid sections linked by a pivoting joint. The body is a semi-self-supporting body with a frame, the D 2156 engine is mounted in the front section. It powers the middle axle, meaning that the bus has puller configuration. Both rear and middle axles were made by Rába, while the front axle was made by LiAZ. Either an automatic or a manual gearbox was installed that allowed a top speed of 75 kilometres per hour (47 mph).
Production started in 1973 and ended in 2002. Currently, the number of Ikarus 280 buses is getting reduced, due to supply of new low-floor buses. The trolleybus Ikarus 280 T and the articulated buses 281(RHD), 282 (18-metre-version), 283 and 284 (pusher configuration) were based on the Ikarus 280. In Prague, Ikarus 280 busses were used from 1977 until 1999. Since the beginning of 1990s these buses were replaced by Karosa B 741 and later by Karosa B 941 and Ikarus 435. In Bratislava, the buses were operated between 1974 and 2008. In Riga, Latvia, these buses were operated from 1980s until 2005, when they were replaced by low-floor buses. Due to the simple and robust construction, the Ikarus 280 is still operated all around the world, for example in Teheran, Istanbul, Havana and Basra.